The Orff Centre Munich, State Institute for Research and Documentation, is an institution of the Free State of Bavaria and was opened eight years after the death of the composer Carl Orff (10 July 1895 - 29 March 1982) on 10 July 1990. On the initiative of Liselotte Orff, the composer's widow, and at the request of the Carl Orff Foundation, the Council of Ministers had decided in April 1986 to use state budget funds to ensure the establishment and operation of an institute dedicated to Carl Orff. "It is directly subordinate to the State Ministry for Science and Art, which issues the necessary orders for its organisation and administration", according to the wording of the decree establishing the Orff Centre Munich of 18 August 1988.