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Chronology
 
 
1895Carl Orff is born in Munich on 10 July
1898Birth of his sister Maria (Mia)
1900First piano lessons
1901Marsfeld School
1905Ludwig Gymnasium
1907–1912Wittelsbacher-Gymnasium
1910–1912Songs for voice and piano
1911–1912Zarathustra (after Nietzsche) for baritone, three male choruses and orchestra
1912–1914Attends the Munich Academy of Music (Akademie der Tonkunst)
1913Gisei ("The Sacrifice"), music drama
1914Tanzende Faune ("Dancing Fauns"), an orchestral play
Treibhauslieder ("Greenhouse Songs"), on poems by Maurice Maeterlinck
Studies privately with Hermann Zilcher
1917Theater conductor at the Munich Kammerspiele
First version of Ein Sommernachtstraum (incomplete)
Drafted for war duty; briefly buried alive on the Eastern Front
1918Conductor at the National Theater in Mannheim and the Grand Ducal Theater in Darmstadt
1918–1919Incidental music to Büchner's Leonce und Lena
1919Returns to Munich
Studies "old masters," especially those of the 16th and 17th centuries
Builds up a circle of private pupils
Songs on poems by Klabund, Richard Dehmel, Nikolaus Lenau, and Friedrich Nietzsche
1920-1921Studies privately with Heinrich Kaminski
Songs and ballads for voice and piano on poems by Franz Werfel
Des Turmes Auferstehung ("The Resurrection of the Tower", Werfel) for two basses, large orchestra, and organ (second version for two male choruses, large orchestra, and organ)
1921Drafts an arrangement of Bach's Art of Fugue for several instrumental groups and choruses
1920–1927Married to Alice Solscher
1921Birth of daughter Godela
Begins to study Monteverdi
1923/24Dramaturgical and musical reworking of Monteverdi's L’Orfeo
1924Founds and establishes a training center for gymnastics, rhythm, music, and dance with Dorothee Günther: the Günther School, Munich (Güntherschule München)
1925Reworks Monteverdi's Lamento d’Arianna
First version of Orpheus premièred at the National Theater, Mannheim, on 17 April
Reworks Ballo delle Ingrate (1608) from Monteverdi's Seventh and Eighth Books of Madrigals as Tanz der Spröden ("Dance of the Coy Maidens"), forming a companion satyr play to Orpheus
First version of Tanz der Spröden premièred at Karlsruhe Theater on 28 December
1925–1932Cantus firmus settings in organum style
1927Kleines Konzert for harpsichord, flute, oboe, bassoon, trumpet, trombone, and percussion, after 16th-century lute pieces
1928Kleines Konzert, premièred in Munich on 11 December at a concert of the Contemporary Music Association
Entrata for five orchestral groups and organ, after William Byrd
Second version of Ein Sommernachtstraum (incomplete draft)
1929Second version of Orpheus premièred at the Residence Theater, Munich, on 13 October
1930Entrata performed in Königsberg via radio and loudspeakers, conducted by Hermann Scherchen
Cantatas on poems by Franz Werfel (Werkbuch I)
1930/31Catulli Carmina I-II (choral settings)
Choruses on poems by Bert Brecht (Werkbuch II)
1931–1934First edition of Schulwerk published (Orff-Schulwerk: Elementare Musikübung) in collaboration with Gunild Keetman
1931Plans a "Munich Tower and City Music" (Münchner Turm- und Stadtmusik)
1932Edits Bavarian folk music with Kurt Huber
St. Luke Passion first performed in Munich on 28 April at a concert of the Contemporary Music Association
1932/33Appointed head of the Munich Bach Society
1933Semi-staged dramatization and performance of Heinrich Schütz's Historia der Auferstehung Jesu Christi at a Bach Society concert
1937Carmina Burana premièred at the Frankfurt Municipal Theater on 8 June
1939–1953Married to Gertrud Willert
1939Der Mond ("The Moon") premièred at the Bavarian State Opera on 5 February
Third version of Ein Sommernachtstraum premièred at the Frankfurt Municipal Theater on 14 October
1940New version of Entrata premièred in Frankfurt on 24 August
Third version of Orpheus premièred at the Dresden State Opera on 4 October
All three Monteverdi works performed at the Reuss Theater, Gera, on 30 November
1943Die Kluge ("The Wise Maiden") premièred at the Frankfurt Municipal Theater on 20 February
Catulli Carmina premièred at the Leipzig Municipal Theater on 6 November
Fourth version of Ein Sommernachtstraum (not performed)
1947Die Bernauerin premièred at the Württemberg State Theater, Stuttgart, on 15 June
1948Bavarian Radio starts the first of its Schulwerk broadcasts with Die Weihnachtsgeschichte ("The Christmas Story")
1949Antigonae premièred at the Felsenreitschule, Salzburg, on 9 August
1950–1954Second Schulwerk edition (Musik für Kinder) published in collaboration with Gunild Keetman
1950–1960Head of master class in composition at the Munich Musikhochschule
1952Fifth version of Ein Sommernachtstraum premièred at Darmstadt Theater on 30 October
1953Trionfo di Afrodite premièred at the Teatro della Scala, Milan, together with Carmina Burana and Catulli Carmina, on 14 February under the collective title Trionfi - Trittico teatrale
Astutuli premièred at the Munich Kammerspiele on 20 October
1954–1959Married to Luise Rinser
1956First broadcast of Comoedia de Christi Resurrectione by Bavarian Television on 31 March
Die Sänger der Vorwelt, choruses on a poem by Friedrich Schiller, premièred in Stuttgart on 3 August
Nänie und Dithyrambe, choruses on poems by Friedrich Schiller, premièred in Bremen on 4 December
Inducted into the Ordre du mérite for Arts and Sciences
1957First stage performance of Comoedia de Christi Resurrectione at the Württemberg State Theater, Stuttgart, on 21 April
1958Lamenti - Trittico teatrale liberamente tratto da opere di Claudio Monteverdi premièred for the first time with this title at the Schwetzingen Festival on 15 May
1959Oedipus der Tyrann premièred at the Württemberg State Theater, Stuttgart, on 11 December
Receives honorary doctorate from Tübingen University
1960Marries Liselotte Schmitz
Ludus de nato Infante mirificus premièred at the Württemberg State Theater, Stuttgart, on 11 December
1961Founds training institute and headquarters for the Schulwerk at the Salzburg Mozarteum
1962/63Lectures on the Schulwerk in Canada, Japan, and Portugal
1963Opening of Orff Institute in Salzburg
1964Sixth version of Ein Sommernachtstraum premièred at the Württemberg State Theater, Stuttgart, on 12 March
1968Prometheus premièred at the Württemberg State Theater, Stuttgart, on 24 March
1972Receives honorary doctorate from Munich University
Grand Medal of Honor with Star and Sash awarded by the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
1973De temporum fine comoedia premièred at the Great Festival Theater, Salzburg, on 20 August
1974Awarded the Romano Guardini Prize by the Catholic Academy in Bavaria
1975–1981Works on his eight-volume documentation, Carl Orff und sein Werk
1982Dies in Munich on 29 March
Buried in the Schmerzhafte Kapelle of the monastery church in Andechs on 3 April
* * *
1984Statutes of the Carl Orff Foundation (Carl Orff-Stiftung) ratified on 17 May
Orff Schulwerk Forum founded in Salzburg on 4 December
1989Quartettsatz, premièred in Altötting on 5 July
1990Munich Orff Center, State Institute for Research and Documentation (Orff-Zentrum München, Staatsinstitut für Forschung und Dokumentation) opens on 10 July
1991Carl Orff Museum opens in Rinkhof, Diessen, on 10 July
1994First German staging of De temporum fine comoedia mounted at Ulm Theater on 15 May
1995Tanzende Faune and Des Turmes Auferstehung premièred at the Munich Philharmonic, Gasteig, on 6 December
 
Hannelore Gassner
 
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